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Quick answer
"Enviar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to send", and "tomar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to take". Learn more about the difference between "enviar" and "tomar" below.
enviar(
ehn
-
byahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a. to send
Mis amigos me enviaron fotos de la fiesta.My friends sent me photos of the party.
Mi mamá envió a mi hermano a que fuera de compras.My mom sent my brother shopping.
b. to mail
Yo le envié a mi novio tres cartas por semana.I mailed my boyfriend three letters a week.
c. to ship
El paquete que me enviaron aún no llegó.The package they shipped me still hasn't arrived.
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tomar(
toh
-
mahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to grab)
a. to take
Tomó el dinero y se lo metió en el bolsillo.He took the money and put it in his pocket.
2. (to consume)
a. to take (medication)
Él tiene que tomar sus medicamentos dos veces al día.He has to take his medication twice a day.
b. to have
Tomé atún para el almuerzo.I had tuna fish for lunch.
3. (to ride)
a. to take
Tuve que tomar el tren para ir a trabajar.I had to take the train to go to work.
4. (to seize)
a. to take
El enemigo tomó la ciudad en un día.The enemy took the city in a day.
5. (to absorb)
a. to get
Sal y toma un poco de aire fresco.Go out and get some fresh air.
Deja de jugar tantos videojuegos y sal a tomar el sol.Stop playing so many video games and go out and get some sun.
6. (to have as a drink)
a. to drink
Tienes que tomar mucha agua en estos días tan calurosos.You have to drink a lot of water on such hot days.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to have as a drink)
a. to drink
¿Ustedes desean algo para tomar?Would you like anything to drink?
tomarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
8. (to experience)
a. to take
No te lo tomes a pecho pero no me gusta tu corte de pelo.Don't take it to heart, but I don't like your haircut.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
9. (to spend time)
a. to take
Necesito tomarme un respiro del trabajo.I need to take a break from work.
10. (to consume)
a. to have
Me voy a tomar un mojito.I'm going to have a mojito.
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