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Quick answer
"Envejecerse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to get old", and "criarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to grow up". Learn more about the difference between "envejecerse" and "criarse" below.
envejecerse(
ehm
-
beh
-
heh
-
sehr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to become old)
a. to get old
Los muebles se envejecieron y los reemplazamos.The furniture got old, so we replaced it.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
2. (by clothes, makeup etc)
a. to make oneself look older
Intenta envejecerse para que los demás crean que es más experimentado.He tries to make himself look older so others will think he is more experienced.
envejecer
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to get older)
a. to grow old
Vas a envejecer más rápido si vives estresado.You will grow old faster if you are always stressed.
b. to age
Mi abuela envejeció bien.My grandmother aged well.
4. (culinary)
a. to mature
El vino envejece mejor en barriles grandes.Wine matures better in large barrels.
b. to age
El queso envejeció 30 semanas sin que lo tocaran.The cheese aged for 30 weeks without being touched.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to make older)
a. to age
La muerte de su único hijo la envejeció rápido.Losing her only child aged her quickly.
b. to make look old
El carpintero envejeció la madera.The carpenter made the wood look old.
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criarse(
kryahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to develop)
a. to grow up (person)
Mi padre se crió en las montañas.My father grew up in the mountains.
b. to be brought up (person)
Me crié con mis abuelos porque mis padres tuvieron que irse a trabajar al extranjero.I was brought up by my grandparents as my parents had to go and work abroad.
c. to be bred (animal)
Todas las aves que vendemos se crían aquí.All the birds we sell are bred here.
d. to be reared (person or animal)
Estos tigres se criaron en cautividad.These tigers were reared in captivity.
criar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to nurture)
a. to raise
Mis padres me criaron en la fe cristiana.My parents raised me in the Christian faith.
b. to bring up
Ha criado a tres hijos ella sola.She brought up three children by herself.
3. (to give milk to)
a. to breastfeed (with breast milk)
La nodriza criaba al bebé en lugar de la madre.The wet nurse breastfed the baby instead of the mother.
b. to feed (with bottle)
Estoy criando a mi bebé con leche maternizada.I'm feeding my baby on formula milk.
c. to suckle (animal)
La perra criaba a los gatitos como si fueran suyos.The bitch suckled the kittens as if they were her own.
4. (stockbreeding)
a. to raise
Este año voy a criar más vacas.I'm going to raise more cows this year.
b. to keep
¿Sabías que mis vecinos crían pollos?Did you know that my neighbors kept chickens?
c. to breed (allowing reproduction)
Mis tíos criaban pavos en su granja.My uncle and aunt bred turkeys on their farm.
5. (to cultivate)
a. to grow
Quiero criar setas en casa.I'd like to grow mushrooms at home.
6. (winemaking)
a. to age
La bodega cría todos sus vinos en barricas de roble.The winery ages all its wine in oak barrels.
7. (to produce)
a. to get
Tengo que comer menos porque estoy criando barriga.I need to eat less because I'm getting a belly.
b. to gather (dust or filth)
Esa lámpara rota está ahí criando polvo.That broken lamp is just gathering dust there.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Si los alimentos crían moho, deshágase de ellos inmediatamente.If food goes moldy, get rid of it straight away.
El hombre aullaba mientras sus manos y sus brazos empezaban a criar vello.The man howled as his hands and arms became hairy.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to nurse)
a. to breastfeed (woman)
Me dijo Estefanía que no podía criar.Estefanía told me that she was unable to breastfeed.
9. (to have litters)
a. to breed
Estas cerdas no están listas para criar aún.These sows aren't ready to breed yet.
10. (to mature)
a. to be aged
Nuestro tequila ha criado en barricas durante cinco años.Our tequila has been aged in wooden barrels for five years.
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