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Quick answer
"Entrenar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to train", and "adiestrar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to train". Learn more about the difference between "entrenar" and "adiestrar" below.
entrenar(
ehn
-
treh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to teach through practice)
a. to train
Hace cinco años que entreno perros.I've been training dogs for the past five years.
b. to coach
Los dueños contrataron a Severino para entrenar al equipo.The owners hired Severino to coach the team.
2. (to learn by repetition)
a. to practice
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Para entrenar un golpe, hay que empezar a una velocidad baja.To practice a shot, you need to start at a low speed.
b. to practise (United Kingdom)
Dedicamos la mitad de la clase a entrenar movimientos específicos de piernas.We devoted half of the class to practising specific leg moves.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to practice)
a. to train
Los soldados tienen que entrenar todas las mañanas.Soldiers have to train every morning.
entrenarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to practice)
a. to train
Me entreno duro para ser el mejor corredor.I train hard to be the best runner.
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adiestrar(
ah
-
dyehs
-
trahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to teach an animal)
a. to train
Adiestré a mi perro para que se siente, para se quede quieto y también para que dé la pata.I trained my dog to sit, stand still, and also to shake a paw.
2. (to instruct a person)
a. to train
El sargento de entrenamiento adiestró a los soldados rasos en el manejo de bazucas.The drill sergeant trained the privates in the use of bazookas.
adiestrarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to train oneself)
a. to practice
Esta semana, tenemos que adiestrarnos más que lo habitual porque se acerca un partido importante.We have to practice more than usual this week, because we have a big game coming up.
b. to practise (United Kingdom)
El equipo de natación se adiestró por más de tres horas esta tarde.The swim team practised more than three hours this afternoon.
c. to train
Si no empiezas a adiestrarte ahora, nunca estarás listo para correr en el maratónIf you don't start training now, you'll never be ready to run in the marathon.
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