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Quick answer
"Entiendo" is a form of "entender", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to understand". "Saber" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to know". Learn more about the difference between "entiendo" and "saber" below.
entender(
ehn
-
tehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to comprehend)
a. to understand
Nadie entendió su explicación.Nobody understood his explanation.
2. (to be empathetic to)
a. to understand
Mi hija entiende a los perros mejor que cualquier otra persona en casa.My daughter understands dogs better than anyone else at home.
3. (to have knowledge of)
a. to understand
Como hablo español, puedo entender el portugués escrito.Since I speak Spanish, I can understand written Portuguese.
4. (to find reasonable)
a. to understand
No entiendo tu enfado, solo dije que no quería salir esta noche.I don't understand why you're annoyed. I only said that I didn't want to go out tonight.
5. (to trust)
a. to believe
Entiéndeme cuando te digo que no quise herir tus sentimientos.Believe me when I tell you I didn't mean to hurt your feelings.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be of the opinion that)
a. to think
Entiendo que es mejor irnos por la mañana para evitar tráfico.I think that it's better if we leave in the morning to avoid traffic.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to be empathetic to; used with "de")
a. to know about
No entiendo nada de vinos.I know nothing about wine.
b. to understand about
Mi hermana entiende más de ingeniería que yo.My sister understands more about engineering than I do.
8. (legal; used with "en")
a. to hear
El juez Rodríguez entendió en el caso del infame asesino en serie.Judge Rodríguez heard the case of the infamous serial killer.
entenderse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
9. (to communicate well)
a. to understand each other
Mis padres se entienden mejor que cualquier otra pareja.My parents understand each other better than any other couple.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to be friends; used with "con")
a. to get along with
No me entiendo con mis padres.I don't get along with my parents.
11. (to cheat on someone; used with "con")
a. to have an affair with
Dicen que se entendía con el jardinero.They say she was having an affair with the gardener.
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saber(
sah
-
behr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Yo sé que la capital de la República Dominicana es Santo Domingo.I know that the capital of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo.
2. (to learn of)
a. to find out
Lo supe porque lo vi por internet.I found out because I saw it online.
b. to hear
Las entradas para el concierto ya se agotaron. - ¿Cómo lo supiste?The concert is sold out. - How did you hear that?
3. (to be able to)
a. to know how
Mi hijo no sabe amarrarse los zapatos.My son doesn't know how to tie his shoes.
b. can
¿Sabes hablar japonés?Can you speak Japanese?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to have a flavor; often used with "a")
a. to taste
Este caramelo sabe a miel.This candy tastes like honey.
5. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
¿Qué sabes del paradero del acampamento de la rebelión?What do you know about the whereabouts of the rebel camp?
6. (to find out; often used with "de")
a. to hear
Supe del problema del agua ayer. ¿Qué vas a hacer?I heard about the problem with the water yesterday. What are you going to do?
7. (to make an impression)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Me sabe genial recibir un 10 en el examen!I feel great getting a 10 on the exam!
Muy supo muy mal la manera en que te hablaron en la junta.I really disliked the way they talked to you in the meeting.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
8. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Se sabe que los vampiros se alimentan de sangre.It is known that vampires feed on blood.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
9. (wisdom)
a. knowledge
El saber popular se basa en creencias.Popular knowledge is based on beliefs.
saberse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Me sé todas las canciones de Elvis.I know all Elvis's songs.
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