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Quick answer
"Entender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to understand", and "imperfecto" is an adjective which is often translated as "imperfect". Learn more about the difference between "entender" and "imperfecto" below.
entender(
ehn
-
tehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to comprehend)
a. to understand
Nadie entendió su explicación.Nobody understood his explanation.
2. (to be empathetic to)
a. to understand
Mi hija entiende a los perros mejor que cualquier otra persona en casa.My daughter understands dogs better than anyone else at home.
3. (to have knowledge of)
a. to understand
Como hablo español, puedo entender el portugués escrito.Since I speak Spanish, I can understand written Portuguese.
4. (to find reasonable)
a. to understand
No entiendo tu enfado, solo dije que no quería salir esta noche.I don't understand why you're annoyed. I only said that I didn't want to go out tonight.
5. (to trust)
a. to believe
Entiéndeme cuando te digo que no quise herir tus sentimientos.Believe me when I tell you I didn't mean to hurt your feelings.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be of the opinion that)
a. to think
Entiendo que es mejor irnos por la mañana para evitar tráfico.I think that it's better if we leave in the morning to avoid traffic.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to be empathetic to; used with "de")
a. to know about
No entiendo nada de vinos.I know nothing about wine.
b. to understand about
Mi hermana entiende más de ingeniería que yo.My sister understands more about engineering than I do.
8. (legal; used with "en")
a. to hear
El juez Rodríguez entendió en el caso del infame asesino en serie.Judge Rodríguez heard the case of the infamous serial killer.
entenderse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
9. (to communicate well)
a. to understand each other
Mis padres se entienden mejor que cualquier otra pareja.My parents understand each other better than any other couple.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to be friends; used with "con")
a. to get along with
No me entiendo con mis padres.I don't get along with my parents.
11. (to cheat on someone; used with "con")
a. to have an affair with
Dicen que se entendía con el jardinero.They say she was having an affair with the gardener.
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imperfecto(
eem
-
pehr
-
fehk
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (faulty)
a. imperfect
El sistema electoral es imperfecto y por eso ocurren injusticias.The electoral system is imperfect and so injustices happen.
b. flawed
La portada ha quedado imperfecta y hay que volver a imprimirla.The cover is flawed so we have to print it out again.
2. (grammar)
a. imperfect
Solo hay dos conjuntos de terminaciones para las formas imperfectas regulares.In Spanish there are only two sets of endings for regular imperfect forms.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (grammar)
a. imperfect
El imperfecto de "comer" es "comía".The imperfect of the Spanish verb "comer" is "comía."
b. imperfect tense
El imperfecto se usa para hablar de acciones pasadas habituales.The imperfect tense is used to talk about habitual actions in the past.
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