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"Engordar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to gain weight", and "adelgazar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to lose weight". Learn more about the difference between "engordar" and "adelgazar" below.
engordar(
ehng
-
gohr
-
dahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become fatter)
a. to gain weight
Adrián ha engordado desde su accidente.Adrian has gained weight since his accident.
b. to put on weight
Ana engordó durante el embarazo y no ha podido bajar de peso.Ana put on weight during her pregnancy and hasn't been able to lose it.
c. to get fat
Miguel engordó cuando dejó de correr.Miguel got fat when he quit running.
2. (to cause weight gain)
a. to be fattening
Los palitos dorados de queso engordan.Deep-fried cheese sticks are fattening.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to make fat)
a. to fatten up
Inyectan al ganado con esteroides para engordarlos.They inject the cattle with steroids to fatten them up.
b. to fatten
Hay que engordar las vacas en el otoño para prepararlas para el frío del invierno.We need to fatten the cows in the fall to prepare them for the winter cold.
4. (to inflate numbers)
a. to swell
Reportaron los metros cuadrados en lugar de los kilómetros lineales para engordar los números.They reported the square meters rather than linear kilometers in order to swell the numbers.
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adelgazar(
ah
-
dehl
-
gah
-
sahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become thinner)
a. to lose weight
Se nota que has adelgazado.I can see that you have lost weight.
b. to slim (United Kingdom)
Trato de adelgazar y no puedo.I'm trying to slim and I can't.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to get rid of)
a. to lose
Quiero adelgazar cinco kilos para este verano.I want to lose five kilos in time for this summer.
b. to shed
¿Cuántos kilos ha adelgazado?How many kilos has he shed?
c. to take off
Tom tendrá que adelgazar 15 kilos para interpretar este papel.Tom will need to take off 15 kilos to play this part.
3. (to make more slender)
a. to make thinner
Estos ejercicios te servirán par adelgazar la cara.These exercises will help you make your face thinner.
b. to reduce
Es un buen ejercicio para adelgazar las caderas.It's a good exercise for reducing your hips.
c. to slim down
¿Qué tengo que hacer para adelgazar las piernas?What do I need to do to slim down my legs?
4. (to reduce the thickness of)
a. to trim down
Hay que adelgazar la puerta un poco.We need to trim down the door a little.
b. to trim
Tendrás que adelgazar la madera a la anchura correcta.You'll need to trim the wood to the correct width.
c. to make thinner
Ahora el alfarero comienza a aplastar el barro y adelgazarlo.Now the potter's starting to flatten the clay and make it thinner.
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