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Quick answer
"Enfermarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to get sick", and "enfermar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to fall ill". Learn more about the difference between "enfermarse" and "enfermar" below.
enfermarse(
ehm
-
fehr
-
mahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to become ill)
a. to get sick
¡Qué mala suerte! Se enfermó el primer día de vacaciones.What bad luck! She got sick on the first day of vacation.
b. to fall ill
La mitad del equipo se ha enfermado, así que tenemos que abandonar el partido.Half of the team has fallen ill, so we have to forfeit the game.
2. (to menstruate)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to have one's period
Es ese momento del mes en que una se enferma.It's that time of the month when you have your period.
enfermar
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to become ill)
a. to fall ill
Los residentes de la ciudad enfermaron de amebas en el agua.The town residents fell ill from amoebas in the water.
b. to get sick
Si no te pones la vacuna podrías enfermar.If you don't get vaccinated, you could get sick.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to cause sickness)
a. to make sick
La última vez que comí allí, la comida me enfermó.The last time I ate there, the food made me sick.
b. to make ill
La gripe enferma a mucha gente cada año.The flu makes many people ill every year.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bother)
a. to annoy
Me enferma cuando la gente comienza a eructar para divertirse.It annoys me when people start belching for fun.
b. to irritate
Me enferma que siempre saque buenas calificaciones sin siquiera estudiar.It irritates me how she always gets good grades without even studying.
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enfermar(
ehm
-
fehr
-
mahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become ill)
a. to fall ill
Los residentes de la ciudad enfermaron de amebas en el agua.The town residents fell ill from amoebas in the water.
b. to get sick
Si no te pones la vacuna podrías enfermar.If you don't get vaccinated, you could get sick.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to cause sickness)
a. to make sick
La última vez que comí allí, la comida me enfermó.The last time I ate there, the food made me sick.
b. to make ill
La gripe enferma a mucha gente cada año.The flu makes many people ill every year.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bother)
a. to annoy
Me enferma cuando la gente comienza a eructar para divertirse.It annoys me when people start belching for fun.
b. to irritate
Me enferma que siempre saque buenas calificaciones sin siquiera estudiar.It irritates me how she always gets good grades without even studying.
enfermarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to become ill)
a. to get sick
¡Qué mala suerte! Se enfermó el primer día de vacaciones.What bad luck! She got sick on the first day of vacation.
b. to fall ill
La mitad del equipo se ha enfermado, así que tenemos que abandonar el partido.Half of the team has fallen ill, so we have to forfeit the game.
5. (to menstruate)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to have one's period
Es ese momento del mes en que una se enferma.It's that time of the month when you have your period.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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