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Quick answer
"Encontrarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to be", and "juntarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to move closer together". Learn more about the difference between "encontrarse" and "juntarse" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to be situated)
a. to be
La playa se encuentra al otro lado de la calle.The beach is on the opposite side of the street.
2. (to sense)
a. to feel
No me encuentro muy animado.I don't feel too lively.
3. (to get together)
a. to meet
Nos encontraremos en el bar para una copa.We'll meet at the bar for a drink.
4. (to experience a state or situation)
a. to find oneself
Me encuentro en un dilema.I find myself in a dilemma.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to retrieve)
a. to find
Al fin encontré las llaves del coche.I finally found my car keys.
6. (to uncover)
a. to discover
Ellos encontraron una caja vieja en el bosque.They discovered an old box in the forest.
b. to encounter
Encontramos una bifurcación en el sendero y no sabíamos qué dirección tomar.We encountered a fork in the road and didn't know which path to take.
7. (to consider)
a. to find
¿No te gusta ir al teatro? - No, lo encuentro muy aburrido.Don't you like to go to the theater? - No, I find it very boring.
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to get closer)
a. to move closer together
Júntense un poco para dejar espacio.Move a little closer together to make room.
b. to get together
Se tienen que juntar si quieren salir todos en la foto.You have to get together if you all want to be in the picture.
2. (to assemble)
a. to get together
Nos vamos a juntar para planificar las vacaciones.We're going to get together to plan our vacation.
b. to meet up
Una vez por mes, me junto con mis cuñadas para comer.Once a month, I meet up with my sisters-in-law to have lunch.
c. to come together
Los amigos y ex-compañeros de Verón se juntaron para el partido de despedida.Veron's friends and former team mates came together for the farewell match.
3. (to be friendly with)
a. to mix with
Reed es una universidad interesante porque te juntas con gente muy especial.Reed's a very interesting college because you mix with very special people.
b. to hang out with
Ya te dije que no te juntaras con esa chusma.I already told you not to hang out with that riffraff.
4. (as romantic partners)
a. to get together
Iris no quiere volver a juntarse con su ex-novio.Iris doesn't want to get together with her ex-boyfriend again.
b. to live together
Johnny y Lana se juntaron en 2010 y se casaron dos años después.Johnny and Lana started living together in 2010 and got married two years later.
5. (to occur at the same time)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Se juntó la tormenta con la explosión de gas.The storm came right on top of the gas explosion.
Este año se me juntaron todas las desgracias.This year it was just one bad thing after another.
b. to come together
En la obra del autor se juntan la fantasía y la historia.In the author's work, fantasy and history come together.
6. (to converge)
a. to join
Las dos carreteras se juntan en el cruce.The two roads join at the crossroads.
b. to meet
Estos dos ríos se juntan en el océano.These two rivers meet in the ocean.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place together)
a. to put together
Junté todos los retratos de la familia y los colgué en una pared.I put all the family portraits together and hung them on a wall.
8. (finance)
a. to save
Van a tener que juntar mucho dinero si quieren comprar una casa en Palo Alto.You're going to have to save a lot of money if you want to buy a house in Palo Alto.
b. to raise
Los alumnos están juntando fondos para hacer un viaje de fin de año.The students are raising money to take an end-of-year trip.
9. (to make a collection)
a. to collect
A Emily le gusta juntar imanes y llaveros.Emily likes to collect magnets and key rings.
10. (to assemble)
a. to get together
Junté a toda la familia para mi boda.I got the whole family together for my wedding.
b. to bring together
El festival juntó las mejores bandas de heavy metal del país.The festival brought together the best heavy metal bands in the country.
11. (to close)
a. to push to
Junta la puerta cuando te vayas.Push the door to when you go.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (finance)
a. to save up
Estamos juntando para irnos de vacaciones.We're saving up to go on vacation.
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