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Quick answer
"Enconar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to anger", and "enconado" is an adjective which is often translated as "bitter". Learn more about the difference between "enconar" and "enconado" below.
enconar(
ehn
-
koh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to annoy)
a. to anger
Las mentiras de Alberto enconaron a su esposa.Alberto's lies angered his wife.
b. to irritate
La impuntualidad encona a Paulina.Lack of punctuality irritates Paulina.
2. (medicine)
a. to inflame
Una infección podría enconar la herida de la operación.An infection could inflame the surgery wound.
3. (to exacerbate)
a. to inflame
La intromisión de tropas extranjeras solo va a enconar la situación en aquel país.The intervention of foreign troops will only inflame the situation in that country.
b. to intensify
Los sucesos recientes enconaron el problema al que se enfrentaban.Recent events intensified the problem they were facing.
enconarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to get annoyed)
a. to get angry
Arturo se enconó cuando le dijeron que no estaba invitado.Arturo got angry when he was told that he wasn't invited.
5. (medicine)
a. to become inflamed
La lesión se enconó porque el paciente no siguió las instrucciones de la doctora.The wound became inflamed because the patient didn't follow the doctor's instructions.
6. (to be exacerbated)
a. to become inflamed
El conflicto entre los dos países se va a enconar porque los dos se rehusan a negociar.The conflict between the two countries will become inflamed because both are refusing to negotiate.
b. to intensify
La discusión se enconó cuando María insultó a mi hermano.The argument intensified when Maria insulted my brother.
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enconado(
ehn
-
koh
-
nah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. bitter
El enconado conflicto en la zona de guerra no da señal de calmarse.The bitter conflict in the war zone shows no signs of abating.
b. heated
Los senadores mantuvieron un enconado debate por la reducción de impuestos.The senators had a heated debate about tax reductions.
c. passionate
El Reino Unido sigue teniendo una enconada discusión sobre su relación con la Unión Europea.The UK continues to have a passionate discussion about its relationship with the European Union.
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