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Quick answer
"Encima de" is a phrase which is often translated as "on", and "del" is a preposition which is often translated as "of the". Learn more about the difference between "encima de" and "del" below.
encima de(
ehn
-
see
-
mah
 
deh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (on the surface of)
a. on
¿De quién son esos libros que hay encima del sofá? - Son míos, ahora los quito.Whose books are those on the sofa? - They're mine. I'll take them off in a minute.
b. on top of
Las llaves están encima de la mesa.The keys are on top of the table.
2. (over)
a. above
Vivimos en el apartamento encima de la tienda.We live in the apartment above the store.
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del(
dehl
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (contraction of "de" plus "el")
a. of the
La mejor parte del fin de semana es comer con toda la familia los domingos.The best part of the weekend is having dinner with the whole family on Sundays.
b. from the
Acabo de llegar del parque.I've just come from the park.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El coche es del padre de un amigo.The car belongs to a friend's dad.
El libro del maestro tiene las repuestas al examen.The teacher's book has the answers to the exam.
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