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Quick answer
"Encendido" is a noun which is often translated as "ignition", and "apagado" is an adjective which is often translated as "off". Learn more about the difference between "encendido" and "apagado" below.
encendido(
ehn
-
sehn
-
dee
-
doh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (start)
a. ignition
Mi auto tiene un problema con el encendido.There's a problem with the ignition in my car.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (not off)
a. on
Las luces de las casas están encendidas, pero adentro no hay nadie.The house lights are on, but there's nobody inside.
b. lit
El incendio forestal fue causado por una colilla encendida.The forest fire was caused by a lit cigarette butt.
c. burning
Apagó la llama encendida con agua.He extinguished the burning flame with water.
3. (ardent)
a. passionate
La guerra contra el terrorismo generó un debate encendido entre los candidatos presidenciales.The war on terrorism ignited a passionate debate between the presidential candidates.
b. fiery
El sacerdote dio un sermón encendido contra las drogas.The priest gave a fiery sermon against drugs.
4. (blushing)
a. flushed
Se sentía avergonzada y se tapó sus mejillas encendidas con las manos.She was feeling embarrassed and covered her flushed cheeks with her hands.
b. red
Tenía tez pálida y mejillas encendidas.He had pale skin and red cheeks.
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apagado(
ah
-
pah
-
gah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not on)
a. off (electronics)
Cuando salgo dejo siempre la computadora apagada.I always leave the computer off when I go out.
b. out
El fuego no estaba apagado y le eché un cubo de agua.The fire wasn't out and I threw a bucket of water over it.
2. (weak)
a. muffled (sound)
Nos llegaba el sonido apagado de una conversación.We could hear the muffled sounds of a conversation.
b. muted (sound or applause)
El orador no recibió más que un aplauso apagado del público.The speaker received just a muted applause from the audience.
c. quiet (voice)
"Lo siento", dijo con voz débil y apagada."I'm sorry," he said in a faint and quiet voice.
d. subdued (voice)
Tenía una voz apagada, triste casi.His voice was subdued, almost sad.
3. (not bright)
a. muted
Los colores apagados transmiten tranquilidad.Muted colors are restful.
b. subdued
En sus acuarelas abundan los tonos tenues y apagados.Pale and subdued tones abound in his watercolors.
c. dull
Yo preferiría colores más vivos. Estos me resultan apagados.I'd prefer brighter colors. I find these dull.
4. (depressive)
a. spiritless
Siempre fue una persona apagada, de poca iniciativa.He was always a spiritless person, without much initiative.
b. dull
Me parece atractivo, pero tiene un carácter muy apagado.I think he is attractive, but he has a very dull personality.
c. lifeless
Siendo tan apagado como es, sorprende lo lejos que ha llegado en la vida.Being the lifeless person he is, it's surprising how far he's gone in life.
5. (depressed)
a. listless
Encuentro a mi madre muy apagada desde la muerte de mi padre.I find my mother very listless since my father's death.
b. subdued
Me siento apagado, cuando hace tan solo un año me quería comer el mundo.I feel subdued, when just one year ago I wanted to take on the world.
c. lifeless
Su mirada era apagada pero lúcida.The look in his eyes was lifeless but lucid.
6. (inactive)
a. dormant (volcano)
En Lanzarote subimos a un volcán apagado.In Lanzarote we climbed a dormant volcano.
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