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Quick answer
"Encender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to turn on", and "subir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to go up". Learn more about the difference between "encender" and "subir" below.
encender(
ehn
-
sehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to activate)
a. to turn on
Lo primero que hace cada mañana es encender la televisión.The first thing he does every morning is turn on the television.
b. to switch on
Creo que es hora de encender el aire acondicionado.I think it's time to switch on the air conditioning.
2. (to illuminate)
a. to light
Ella encendió una vela para que pudiera ver dónde caminaba.She lit a candle so that she could see where she was walking.
b. to ignite
Una vez que enciendas la llama, añade leña para aumentar el fuego.Once you ignite the flame, add kindling to build the fire.
encenderse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to ignite)
a. to turn on
Las luces se encienden cuando sienten movimiento en el cuarto. The lights turn on when they sense movement in the room.
b. to light
Se encienden las linternas antes de cada servicio. The lamps are lit before every service.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to get red)
a. to blush
Mi hermano se encendió cuando ella le dio su número. My brother totally blushed when she gave him her number.
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subir(
soo
-
beer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to ascend)
a. to go up (moving away)
Subir el monte es duro.Going up the hill is tough.
b. to come up (moving closer)
Los veo venir subiendo la cuesta.I can see them coming up the hill.
c. to climb
Los prisioneros subieron el muro y escaparon.The prisoners climbed the wall and escaped.
2. (to increase)
a. to raise
Subieron los impuestos en mi país.They raised the taxes in my country.
3. (to increase the volume, heat, etc. of)
a. to turn up
Si tienes frío, podemos subir la calefacción.If you're cold, we can turn up the central heating.
b. to raise (voice, tone)
¿Puedes subir la voz, por favor? No te oigo.Can you raise your voice, please? I can't hear you.
4. (to raise up)
a. to lift
Tira de la cuerda para subir la caja.Pull up on the rope to lift the box.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to ascend)
a. to go up (moving away)
¿Por qué no subes a ver a Alex en su habitación?Why don't you go up and see Alex in his room?
b. to come up (moving closer)
¿Subes o te quedas viendo la televisión?Are you coming up or are you watching TV a little longer?
6. (to board)
a. to get on (a bus, a plane, a train)
Si no subes al autobús ahora lo perderás.If you don't get on the shuttle now, you'll miss it.
b. to get in (a car)
Sube al coche y conduce.Get in the car and drive.
7. (to increase)
a. to go up
Todavía llueve, pero han subido las temperaturas.It's still raining, but temperatures have gone up.
b. to rise
El precio del barril de petróleo subió cinco céntimos el mes pasado.The price of a barrel of oil rose five cents last month.
subirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to get conceited)
a. to go to somebody's head
Que no se te suban esos halagos a la cabeza.Don't let that flattery go to your head.
9. (to get drunk)
a. to go to somebody's head
La cerveza se me subió muy rápido.The beer went to my head pretty fast.
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