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Quick answer
"Encaramarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to climb up onto", and "encerado" is an adjective which is often translated as "waxed". Learn more about the difference between "encaramarse" and "encerado" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to go up; used with "a" and "en")
a. to climb up onto
Nos encaramamos a un muro y vimos desde allí el desfile.We climbed up onto a wall and watched the pageant from there.
b. to perch on
La cabra se encaramó en una roca y empezó a balar.The goat perched on a rock and started bleating.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to raise)
a. to lift up
Carmen encaramó a su hijita sobre un taburete para vestirla.Carmen lifted up her little girl onto a stool to dress her.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (treated with wax)
a. waxed
No es fácil pintar sobre superficies enceradas.Painting over waxed surfaces isn't easy.
b. polished
Entramos a una cocina de baldosas enceradas y relucientes.We walked into a kitchen with shiny, polished floor tiles.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (wax application)
a. waxing
Para que el coche se vea nuevo y reluciente, tienes que hacerle un encerado frecuente.Regular car waxing will keep your car looking gleaming and new.
3. (board)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. chalkboard
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Mientras explicaba, el profesor iba escribiendo en el encerado.As he explained, the teacher wrote on the chalkboard.
b. blackboard (United Kingdom)
Hay que borrar el encerado antes de salir del aula.The blackboard must be erased before you leave the classroom.
4. (protective material)
a. oilcloth
Voy a comprar un encerado para que no se me oxiden las herramientas.I'm going to buy an oilcloth to stop my tools from getting rusty.
5. (covering)
a. wax finish (wood)
Una alternativa para no plastificar el piso de madera es un encerado.A wax finish is an alternative to laminating wood flooring.
b. wax coating (fruit)
El encerado protege a las frutas durante su transporte.Wax coating protects fruit while it's being shipped.
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