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Quick answer
"En" is a preposition which is often translated as "in", and "sobre la mesa" is a phrase which is often translated as "on the table". Learn more about the difference between "en" and "sobre la mesa" below.
en(
ehn
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating place)
a. in
Hay comida ya preparada en el supermercado.There's ready-made food in the supermarket.
b. on
Puedes poner los cubiertos en la mesa. You can put the silverware on the table.
2. (indicating time)
a. on
En 1969, aterrizamos en la luna.In 1969, we landed on the moon.
3. (indicating mode)
a. in
Si un oso te persigue, corre en zigzag.If a bear is chasing you, run in a zig-zag formation.
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sobre la mesa(
soh
-
breh
 
lah
 
meh
-
sah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. on the table
El hombre dejó el dinero sobre la mesa y se fue.The man left the money on the table and left.
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