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Quick answer
"En" is a preposition which is often translated as "in", and "mesa" is a noun which is often translated as "table". Learn more about the difference between "en" and "mesa" below.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating place)
a. in
Hay comida ya preparada en el supermercado.There's ready-made food in the supermarket.
b. on
Puedes poner los cubiertos en la mesa. You can put the silverware on the table.
2. (indicating time)
a. on
En 1969, aterrizamos en la luna.In 1969, we landed on the moon.
3. (indicating mode)
a. in
Si un oso te persigue, corre en zigzag.If a bear is chasing you, run in a zig-zag formation.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (furniture)
a. table
Su nueva mesa de entrada está hecha de madera recuperada.Her new entry table is made of reclaimed wood.
b. desk
Me gusta tener mi mesa en el trabajo muy organizada.I like to keep my desk at work very tidy.
2. (group in charge)
a. committee
Lo han nombrado presidente de la mesa.He has been appointed chairman of the committee.
b. board
La mesa directiva se junta los viernes.The governing board meets on Fridays.
3. (geography)
a. plateau
Desde la mesa se podía ver todo el horizonte.We could see the whole horizon from the plateau.
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