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Quick answer
"En virtud de" is a phrase which is often translated as "by virtue of", and "gracias a" is a preposition which is often translated as "thanks to". Learn more about the difference between "en virtud de" and "gracias a" below.
en virtud de(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. by virtue of
Llegó tan lejos en virtud de su tesón y esfuerzo.He got so far by virtue of his tenacity and endeavor.
b. in virtue of
"En virtud del poder que me confiere mi cargo, os declaro marido y mujer", proclamó el capitán del navío."In virtue of the powers vested in me, I declare you husband and wife," proclaimed the captain of the vessel.
c. by reason of
Adquirí toda esa experiencia en virtud de los diez años que pasé trabajando como médico rural.I acquired all that experience by reason of the ten years I spent working as a rural doctor.
d. in accordance with (legal)
En virtud del artículo mencionado con anterioridad, le declaro culpable de todos los cargos.In accordance with the previously mentioned article, I declare you guilty of all the charges.
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gracias a(
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (on account of)
a. thanks to
Ganamos el caso gracias a la aptitud de nuestro abogado en la sala de juicios.We won the case thanks to our lawyer's skill in the courtroom.
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