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Quick answer
"En vez de" is a preposition which is often translated as "instead of", and "sujeto" is an adjective which is often translated as "fastened". Learn more about the difference between "en vez de" and "sujeto" below.
en vez de(
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (general)
a. instead of
¿Por qué no me ayudas en vez de quedarte ahí mirando?Why don't you help me instead of sitting there watching?
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (affixed)
a. fastened
La base del poste de la electricidad está sujeta con tuercas de acero.The base of the electric pole is attached with steel bolts.
b. secure
Si la parte superior no está bien sujeta, puede caerse.If the upper portion is not secure enough, it may fall.
c. fixed
Nuestro tendedero nuevo puede estar sujeto a una pared y aun así extenderse un metro.Our new clothesline can be fixed to one wall and still extend out one meter.
2. (contingent upon)
a. subject to
La entrega del producto está sujeta al cumplimiento oportuno de los pagos. Product delivery is subject to the timely fulfillment of payments.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (grammar)
a. subject
Una oración debe tener un sujeto y un verbo para considerarse completa. A sentence must have a subject and a verb to be considered complete.
4. (person)
a. individual
La policía capturó a un sujeto en el metro con una caja de balas. The police caught an individual on the subway with a box of bullets.
b. character
El primer sujeto gritó para llamar la atención mientras el otro robaba la tienda.The first character shouted to attract attention, while the other robbed the store.
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