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"Pese" is a form of "pesar", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to weigh". "En suma" is a phrase which is often translated as "in short". Learn more about the difference between "en suma" and "pese" below.
en suma(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (in a few words)
a. in short
Había ropa tirada por el suelo, ceniceros llenos, una silla rota... En suma: la casa era un desastre.There were clothes scattered on the floor, full ashtrays, a broken chair ... In short, the house was a mess.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to measure weight)
a. to weigh
¿Cuánto pesas?How much do you weigh?
2. (to be weighty)
a. to be heavy
La maleta no me pesa. La puedo cargar solo.The suitcase isn't heavy. I can carry it by myself.
3. (to matter)
a. to carry weight
Después de su error que le costó más de un millón de dólares a la empresa, sus opiniones ya no pesan.After his error that cost the company over a million dollars, his opinions no longer carry weight.
b. to influence
El poder del director general sigue pesando en el consejo, aún después de las acusaciones de fraude.The CEO's power continues to influence the council, even after the accusations of fraud.
4. (to be a burden)
a. to weigh on
La responsabilidad de ser presidente le pesa.The responsibility of being president weighs on him.
b. to feel (used with "age")
Desde que cumplió los 80, los años le pesan.Since he turned 80, he's felt his age.
5. (to feel remorse)
a. to be sorry
Me pesa haber olvidado el cumpleaños de mi hija.I'm sorry that I forgot my daughter's birthday.
b. to regret
Todavía me pesa no haberlos invitado.I still regret not having invited them.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to measure weight)
a. to weigh
Estefanía pesa 50 kilos.Estefania weighs 50 kilos.
7. (to consider)
a. to weigh up
Fernando está pesando las ofertas de trabajo.Fernando is weighing up his job offers.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (sadness)
a. grief
El pesar de la muerte de su hermano era casi insoportable.The grief following his brother's death was almost unbearable.
b. sorrow
Sintió un pesar enorme cuando le murió la abuela.She felt a deep sorrow when her grandmother died.
9. (guilt)
a. remorse
El chófer del camión les expresó su pesar a las familias por las muertes que causó.The bus driver expressed his remorse to the families for the deaths he caused.
b. regret
Erica no puede soltar el pesar de no haber continuado con sus estudios universitarios.Erica can't overcome her regret for not having continued her university studies.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
10. (to measure one's weight)
a. to weigh oneself
Gloria se pesa cada mañana porque está a dieta.Gloria weighs herself every morning, because she’s on a diet.
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