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Quick answer
"En caso de que" is a preposition which is often translated as "in the event that", and "si" is a conjunction which is often translated as "if". Learn more about the difference between "en caso de que" and "si" below.
en caso de que(
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (if it so happens that)
a. in the event that
En caso de que el vuelo sea cancelado, pueden tomar el siguiente.In the event that your flight is canceled, you can take the following one.
b. in case
Lleva una campera en caso de que refresque.Take a jacket in case it gets colder.
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A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (with conditional clauses)
a. if
Si llueve mañana, cancelaremos el picnic.If it rains tomorrow, we will cancel the picnic.
2. (with indirect questions)
a. whether
Preguntó si me estaba divirtiendo.He asked whether I was enjoying myself.
b. if
Paco quiere saber si Laura también va a asistir.Paco wants to know if Laura is also going to attend.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (musical note)
a. B
Primero lo oí en si menor.I first heard it played in B minor.
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