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Quick answer
"Emitir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to emit", and "transmitir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to transmit". Learn more about the difference between "emitir" and "transmitir" below.
emitir(
eh
-
mee
-
teer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to produce and discharge)
a. to emit
Este aparato electrónico no emite radiación.This electronic product does not emit radiation.
b. to give off
Las reacciones exotérmicas emiten calor.Exothermic reactions give off heat.
2. (telecommunications)
a. to broadcast (programs)
Este canal dejó de emitir documentales.This channel doesn't broadcast documentaries anymore.
b. to send out (signals)
El satélite emite señales que indican su posición.The satellite sends out signals that indicate its position.
3. (finance)
a. to issue
Los bancos dejaron de emitir bonos.Banks have stopped issuing bonds.
4. (to say)
a. to express (an opinion)
No voy a emitir mi opinión sobre este asunto.I'm not going to express my opinion on this matter.
b. to issue (a statement, press release etc)
El gobierno local emitió una alerta sobre los robos a mano armada en el centro.The local government issued an alert about armed robberies downtown.
c. to give (a verdict, an order)
El juez emitirá su fallo mañana.The judge will give his verdict tomorrow.
d. to cast (a vote)
Cuanto antes emitan todos su voto, antes obtendremos los resultados.The sooner everybody casts their vote, the sooner we will get the results.
emitirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (telecommunications)
a. to be broadcast
El programa especial de esta noche se emitirá a las diez.Tonight's special show will be broadcast at ten.
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transmitir(
trahns
-
mee
-
teer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (radio and television)
a. to transmit
La antena interior que compré no transmite las señales HD.The portable antenna I bought doesn't transmit HD signals.
b. to broadcast
La estación de radio transmite el programa desde sus estudios en el centro de la ciudad.The radio station broadcasts the program from its downtown studios.
2. (to conduct)
a. to transmit
El agua transmite el sonido mejor que el aire.Water transmits sound better than air.
3. (to communicate)
a. to pass on
Mayra nos transmitió el mensaje que recibió en su visita con el presidente municipal.Mayra passed on to us the message she received during her visit with the governor.
4. (to infect)
a. to give
Dania le transmitió los piojos a su compañera de cuarto.Dania gave her roommate lice.
b. to transmit
El mosquito Aedes aegypti transmite el dengue.The Aedes aegypti mosquito transmits dengue fever.
c. to pass on
Rebeca le transmitió la tara genética de su mamá a su hija.Rebeca passed on her mother's genetic defect to her daughter.
5. (legal)
a. to transfer
Los dos propietarios tienen que estar presentes en la firma del acta para transmitir la propiedad.Both owners have to be present when the document is signed to transfer ownership.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (radio and television)
a. to broadcast
Transmitimos desde el Cerro del Cuatro a toda la zona metropolitana.We broadcast from Four Hills to the entire metropolitan area.
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