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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "clima" is a noun which is often translated as "climate". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "clima" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (weather)
a. climate
El clima está cambiando y produce el aumento de la temperatura del agua del océano.The climate is changing, producing and increase in temperature of the oceans' water.
2. (environment)
a. atmosphere
El clima era tenso tras su pelea.The atmosphere was tense after their fight.
b. climate
La crisis financiera influye en el clima político.The financial crisis influences the political climate.
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