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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "turista" is a noun which is often translated as "tourist". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "turista" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el turista, la turista(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (traveler)
a. tourist
La arquitectura de la ciudad atrae a muchos turistas.The architecture of the city attracts many tourists.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (low-cost)
a. economy
Los pasajeros de la clase turista se quejaron de lo mala que era la comida.The economy class passengers complained about how bad the food was.
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