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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "principiante" is an adjective which is often translated as "inexperienced". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "principiante" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (new)
a. inexperienced
Afrontar problemas de disciplina puede ser un reto para los profesores principiantes.Dealing with problems related to discipline can be a challenge for inexperienced teachers.
b. novice
Busco consejos para escritores principiantes..I'm looking for tips for novice writers.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (newbie)
a. beginner
Voy a dar un curso de español para principiantes.I'll be giving a beginners' Spanish course.
b. novice
Soy principiante en lo de las redes sociales.I'm a novice where social networks are concerned.
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