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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "paciente" is an adjective which is often translated as "patient". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "paciente" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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paciente(
pah
-
syehn
-
teh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (tolerant)
a. patient
Para ser maestro, hay que ser muy paciente.To be a teacher, one must be very patient.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (sick person)
a. patient
En este momento, el hospital está tratando a doscientos pacientes.Right now, the hospital is treating two hundred patients.
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