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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "mes" is a noun which is often translated as "month". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "mes" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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mes(
mehs
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (period of time)
a. month
Octubre es mi mes favorito porque los árboles cambian de color.October is my favorite month because the trees change color.
2. (month's pay)
a. monthly salary (income)
Recibo mi mes el 30 de cada mes.I get my monthly salary on the 30th of the month.
3. (menstruation)
a. period
No quiere ir a nadar porque está con el mes.She doesn't want to go swimming because she has her period.
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