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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "juez" is a noun which is often translated as "judge". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "juez" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el juez, la jueza(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (law)
a. judge
La jueza emitirá la sentencia la semana que viene.The judge will issue the sentence next week.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (sports)
a. referee
El juez dijo que necesita medir la presión del balón antes de que pueda entrar en juego.The referee said he needs to measure the pressure of the ball before it can go into play.
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