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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "joven" is an adjective which is often translated as "young". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "joven" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to age)
a. young
Quiero ser joven para siempre.I want to be young forever.
2. (related to appearance)
a. young
No puedo creer que tu abuela tenga 80 años; se ve muy joven.I can't believe your grandmother is 80; she looks very young.
b. youthful
Ella mantiene su apariencia joven usando bloqueador solar a diario.She maintains her youthful appearance by using sunblock daily.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
3. (person)
a. young person
Debe de ser difícil ser un joven hoy en día.It must be hard to be a young person these days.
b. young man (masculine)
El joven me ayudó con las bolsas.The young man helped me with my bags.
c. young woman (feminine)
La joven que está en la parada de autobús es mi prima.The young woman at the bus stop is my cousin.
d. youth
Los jóvenes de hoy en día no saben la fortuna que tienen.The youth of today don't know how good they have it.
e. kid
Aunque tocaba una banda de los ochenta, en el público había muchos jóvenes.Although a band from the eighties was playing, there were many kids in the audience.
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