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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "invitado" is a noun which is often translated as "guest". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "invitado" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el invitado, la invitada(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (recipient of an invitation)
a. guest
En la boda de Ana, había alrededor de 60 invitados.There were around 60 guests at Ana's wedding.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (solicited)
a. invited
El profesor González es uno de los ponentes invitados.Professor Gonzalez is one of the invited speakers.
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