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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "indígena" is an adjective which is often translated as "indigenous". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "indígena" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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indígena(
een
-
dee
-
heh
-
nah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (of native origins)
a. indigenous
El gobierno quiere preservar el folclor y las tradiciones indígenas.The government wants to preserve the indigenous folklore and traditions.
b. native
La comunidad indígena no está de acuerdo con la tala del bosque.The native community is against the clearing of the forest.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (indigenous person)
a. native
Este parque natural está protegido por los indígenas que habitan la zona.This natural park is protected by the natives that inhabit the area.
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