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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "hambre" is a noun which is often translated as "hunger". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "hambre" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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hambre(
ahm
-
breh
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (need to eat)
a. hunger
Mi hambre normalmente solo se sacia después de seis o siete galletas.My hunger is usually only satiated after six or seven cookies.
2. (food scarcity)
a. hunger
La ONU lanzó una nueva campaña contra el hambre en África.The UN launched a new campaign against hunger in Africa.
b. famine
Los organismos de socorro calculan que el hambre ha afectado a más de un millón de personas.Relief agencies estimate that the famine has affected more than a million people.
c. starvation
El hambre se ha convertido en un verdadero problema en el campo de refugiados.Starvation has become a very real problem in the refugee camp.
3. (desire)
a. hunger
El hambre de poder de Macbeth lo llevó a hacer cosas terribles.Macbeth's hunger for power drove him to do terrible things.
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