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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "habitante" is a noun which is often translated as "inhabitant". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "habitante" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (person who lives in a place)
a. inhabitant
Tokyo es la ciudad con más habitantes del mundo.Tokyo is the city with the most inhabitants in the world.
b. resident
Todos los habitantes del edificio fueron evacuados a causa del incendio.All the residents in the building were evacuated because of the fire.
c. dweller (in a city or a builidng)
Los habitantes de las ciudades dicen estar hartos de los ruidos y la contaminación.City dwellers claim to be sick of noise and pollution.
2. (animal that lives in a place)
a. inhabitant
Sin embargo, estos gorilas no son los únicos habitantes de la selva.Nevertheless, these gorillas are not the only inhabitants of the rainforest.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
a. louse
Resultó que los niños tenían habitantes. Por eso se rascaban la cabeza.It turned out the children had lice. That's why they were scratching their heads.
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