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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "guardia" is a noun which is often translated as "guard". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "guardia" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el guardia, la guardia(
gwahr
-
dyah
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (military)
a. guard
Los guardias del castillo le impidieron llegar a los aposentos del rey.The castle guards prevented him from reaching the king's rooms.
2. (member of a police force)
a. police officer
Había una pareja de guardias patrullando la calle.There were two police officers patrolling the street.
b. policeman (masculine)
Nos perdimos y le preguntamos a un guardia.We got lost and asked a policeman for directions.
c. policewoman (feminine)
Una guardia acompañó a la chica a la comisaría y le tomó declaración.A policewoman accompanied the girl to the police station and took her statement.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
3. (surveillance)
a. guard
Los paparazzi montan guardia constantemente en la puerta de su casa.The paparazzi constantly stand guard outside their house.
b. guard duty (soldier)
Hay siempre dos soldados de guardia en la entrada del cuartel.There are always two soldiers on guard duty at the barracks gate.
c. watch (ship officer)
El oficial de guardia en el puente del barco vio la bengala y dio la alarma.The officer on watch on the bridge of the ship saw the flare and called the alarm.
4. (available)
a. duty (doctor or pharmacy)
Esta es la lista de las farmacias que están de guardia este domingo.This is the list of the pharmacies that are on duty this Sunday.
b. call (doctor or nurse)
Esta noche estoy de guardia en el hospital.I'm on call at the hospital tonight.
5. (work period)
a. shift (doctor or employee)
Esta semana tengo las guardias de día.This week my shifts are during the day.
6. (sports)
a. guard
En el segundo asalto, bajó la guardia y fue noqueado.He lowered his guard and was knocked out in the second round.
b. garde (fencing)
"¡En guardia!", gritó, al tiempo que se abalanzaba sobre mí."En garde!," she shouted while lunging at me.
7. (attention)
a. guard
Con esa gente no puedes bajar nunca la guardia.You can never lower your guard with those people.
8. (corps)
a. guard
Vimos el cambio de guardia de la reina en el Palacio de Buckingham.We saw the changing of the queen's guard at Buckingham Palace.
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