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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "deportista" is a noun which is often translated as "athlete". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "deportista" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el deportista, la deportista(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person who does sports)
a. athlete
Un buen deportista jamás haría trampa solo para ganar un torneo.A good athlete would never cheat just to win a tournament.
La madre de Fred fue una deportista famosa que representó a Canadá en las Olimpiadas.Fred's mother was a famous athlete who represented Canada at the Olympics.
b. sportsperson
Las deportistas de ese equipo destacaron en diversas categorías.The sportspeople on that team excelled in different categories.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (athletic)
a. sporty
Mi hijo es muy deportista y le encanta sobre todo hacer footing.My son is very sporty, and above all, he loves to jog.
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