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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "comandante" is a noun which is often translated as "commander". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "comandante" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el comandante, la comandante(
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (military chief)
a. commander
El comandante del buque no quiso responder al fuego enemigo.The commander of the ship didn't want to answer to the enemy fire.
b. commandant
Mi padre fue nombrado comandante de la escuela militar hace unos años.My father was appointed the commandant of the military school some years ago.
2. (aviation)
a. captain
El comandante anunció que aterrizaríamos antes de lo previsto.The captain announced that we would be landing before expected.
3. (military rank)
a. major
El comandante ordenó a las tropas que se redistribuyeran.The major ordered the troops to redistribute.
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