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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "cabeza" is a noun which is often translated as "head". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "cabeza" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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cabeza(
kah
-
beh
-
sah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (anatomy)
a. head
El perro sacó la cabeza por la ventana del coche.The dog stuck his head out of the car window.
2. (mental capacity)
a. head
Contratamos a Isaac porque tiene cabeza para los números.We hired Isaac because he has a head for numbers.
b. mind
Nunca le pasa por la cabeza ordenar la habitación.It never crosses her mind to tidy her room.
3. (person in charge)
a. head
La cabeza del grupo fue elegida por su experiencia en alpinismo.The head of the group was elected for her climbing experience.
b. leader
Tom es la cabeza de la asociación de vecinos en nuestro barrio.Tom's the leader of the residents' association in our area.
4. (top)
a. head
Intenté encender el cerillo, pero se le rompió la cabeza.I tried to light the match, but the head broke off.
5. (summit)
a. top
La montaña mide unos 1,000 metros, así que nos ha costado llegar a la cabeza.The mountain is around 1,000 meters high, so we struggled to reach the top.
6. (origin)
a. source
La cabeza del río Misisipí es el lago Itasca.The head of the Mississippi River is Lake Itasca.
7. (measurement)
a. head
Bolt ganó la carrera apenas por una cabeza.Bolt won the race by barely a head.
8. (cattle)
a. head
Mi tío tiene 20 cabezas de ganado en su rancho.My uncle has 20 head of cattle on his ranch.
9. (political seat)
a. capital
Además de ser cabeza económica de la región, la Cuidad de México también es la capital nacional.As well as being the economic capital of the region, Mexico City is also the national capital.
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