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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "aula" is a noun which is often translated as "classroom". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "aula" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (schoolroom)
a. classroom
No puedes irte del aula sin entregar tu examen.You can't leave the classroom without handing in your exam.
b. class
El aula de los niños de primero está junto al jardín.The first graders' class is next to the yard.
2. (auditorium)
a. lecture hall
No me gusta tomar clases en el aula 4 porque huele raro.I don't like taking classes in lecture hall 4 because it smells weird.
b. lecture theatre (United Kingdom)
Mi siguiente clase es en el aula 10.My next class is in lecture theatre 10.
c. lecture room
La conferencia es en el aula 22.The conference is in lecture room 22.
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