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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "aspirante" is a noun which is often translated as "applicant". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "aspirante" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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el aspirante, la aspirante(
ahs
-
pee
-
rahn
-
teh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person who aspires to a position)
a. applicant
Los aspirantes deben enviar su currículum vitae por fax.Applicants must fax in their résumés.
b. candidate
Solo uno de los aspirantes tiene experiencia en contaduría.Only one of the candidates has experience in accountancy.
c. aspirant
El dictador encarcelaba o desterraba a cualquier aspirante al poder.The dictator would incarcerate or banish any aspirant to power.
d. contender
El aspirante canceló la pelea debido a una lesión.The contender suspended the fight because of an injury.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (would-be; used with "a")
a. aspiring
Bautista es un defensor de los derechos humanos y aspirante a político.Bautista is a human rights advocate and aspiring politician.
3. (related to suction)
a. suction
La bomba aspirante está ubicada encima del tanque de agua.The suction pump is located above the water tank.
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