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Quick answer
"Tema" is a noun which is often translated as "subject", and "agua" is a noun which is often translated as "water". Learn more about the difference between "tema" and "agua" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (matter)
a. subject
Cambiando de tema, ¿cómo está tu mamá?Changing the subject, how's your mom?
b. topic
El tema principal de la conversación fue la falta de diligencia del estudiante.The principal topic of the conversation was the student's lack of diligence.
2. (motif)
a. theme
El tema del libro es la futilidad de la existencia humana.The theme of the book is the futility of human existence.
3. (class)
a. lesson
En este tema vamos a ver cómo las vacas producen la leche.In this lesson, we will look at how cows produce milk.
4. (grammar)
a. stem
Recuerda que el tema de este verbo cambia cuando lo conjugas.Remember that the stem of this verb changes when you conjugate it.
5. (music)
a. theme
El tema de de ese programa es tan pegadizo.The theme from that show is so catchy.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (element)
a. water
El pintor mezcló agua y pintura roja para crear un tono salmón.The painter mixed water and red paint to create a salmon shade.
2. (beverage)
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. juice
Mi mamá nos preparó agua de tamarindo.My mom made us some tamarind juice.
3. (beverage)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. tea infusion
Te va a caer bien el agua de rosas que te preparé.The rose tea infusion I made you will make you feel better.
4. (beverage)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
a. soda
Vamos a la tienda por unas aguas light.Let's go to the store for some diet sodas.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (caution)
Regionalism used in Guatemala
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. watch out
¡Aguas! Hay un alacrán justo al lado de tu pie.Watch out! There's a scorpion right next to your foot.
b. be careful
Aguas con este plato; está muy caliente.Be careful with this plate; it's very hot.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (sea, river, or lake)
a. waters
Las aguas del lago Minnetonka son purificantes.The waters of Lake Minnetonka are purifying.
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