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Quick answer
"Que" is a conjunction which is often translated as "that", and "lo" is a pronoun which is often translated as "it". Learn more about the difference between "que" and "lo" below.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. that
Tenga en cuenta que algunas de estas características son diferentes.Note that some of these characteristics are different.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to define the subject)
a. who (person)
El hombre que le salvó la vida a mi bebé está aquí.The man who saved my baby's life is here.
b. which (thing)
El libro que más ha influido en mí es este.The book which has had the greatest influence on me is this one.
c. that (thing)
El pastel que me encanta es el de chocolate.The cake that I love is chocolate cake.
3. (used to define the object)
a. who (person)
Vi a la mujer que trabaja en el spa.I saw the woman who works in the spa.
b. which (thing)
¡Enséñame el vestido que llevaste en la fiesta!Show me the dress which you wore to the party!
c. that (thing)
Ese es el teléfono que yo quiero.That's the phone that I want.
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (direct object)
a. it
¿Qué hago con el lomo de cerdo? - Cocínalo despacio.What should I do with the pork loin? - Cook it slowly.
b. him
¿Te dije que me encontré a Jonás durante las vacaciones? Lo vi en Roma.Did I tell you I bumped into Jonas over break? I saw him in Rome.
c. you
Lo admiro, señor Presidente. Usted es todo un héroe para este país.I admire you, Mr. President. You're a hero to this country.
2. (possessive)
a. stuff
No encuentro lo de tu hermana.I can't find your sister's stuff.
b. things
Lo mío está bajo el escritorio.My things are under the desk.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
3. (to describe an abstract topic)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(before an adjective)
Lo raro es que nunca he visto a Bruce durante el día.The weird thing is that I've never seen Bruce during the day.
No te puedes imaginar lo increíble que es Palenque.You can't imagine how incredible Palenque is.
4. (in relative constructions; used with "que")
a. what
Lo que no me gusta de este restaurante es el servicio.What I don't like about this restaurant is the service.
b. the thing
¿Qué fue lo que más te gusto de Oaxaca?What was the thing you liked most about Oaxaca?
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