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Quick answer
"País" is a noun which is often translated as "country", and "pequeño" is an adjective which is often translated as "small". Learn more about the difference between "país" and "pequeño" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (geography)
a. country
Se está invirtiendo mucho dinero en países en vías de desarrollo.A lot of money is being invested in developing countries.
China es el país más poblado del mundo.China is the world's most populous country.
2. (literary)
a. land
Él viene de un país lejano y misterioso.He comes from a distant and mysterious land.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (short in size)
a. small
Tengo dos perros: uno pequeño y uno grande.I have two dogs: a small one and a big one.
b. little
El actor famoso es de un pueblo pequeño en las montañas.The famous actor is from a little town in the mountains.
2. (young)
a. little
De pequeña, me encantaba jugar al escondite.When I was little, I loved playing hide and seek.
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