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Quick answer
"Espero" is a form of "esperar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wait for". "Futuro" is an adjective which is often translated as "future". Learn more about the difference between "futuro" and "espero" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (forthcoming)
a. future
Discutiremos los detalles del acuerdo en una fecha futura.We'll discuss the details of the contract at some future date.
b. to-be (bride, husband, father, etc.)
Manuela es mi futura esposa.Manuela is my bride-to-be.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (time after the present)
a. future
En el futuro, espero que se encuentre una solución eficaz al problema de la contaminación en la ciudad.In the future, I hope they find an effective solution to the problem of pollution in the city.
3. (outlook)
a. prospects
El nuevo empleo de mi hijo no está muy bien pagado, pero tiene mucho futuro para progresar.My son's new job doesn't pay very well, but it has good prospects for advancement.
4. (grammar)
a. future
El futuro se expresa en español con una flexión verbal o usando "ir" como auxiliar.The future is expressed in Spanish with a verb inflection or by using "ir" as an auxiliary.
b. future tense
Estamos aprendiendo a construir el futuro en clase de inglés.We're learning how to form the future tense in English class.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
a. future husband (masculine)
¿Ya conoces al futuro de Sandra?Have you met Sandra's future husband yet?
b. future wife (feminine)
¿No me presentas a tu futura?Aren't you going to introduce me to your future wife?
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (finance)
a. futures
A pesar de la turbulencia a corto plazo, los futuros siguen estables.Despite short term turbulence, futures remain stable.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to await)
a. to wait for
Espérame que yo también voy.Wait for me, I'm coming too.
2. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero saber de ti pronto.I hope to hear from you soon.
3. (to count on)
a. to expect
No espero compasión si me capturan.I don't expect any mercy if captured.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to await)
a. to wait
Espera que ya vengo.Wait, I'm coming.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
5. (to count on)
a. to expect
Se esperan cortes en el suministro de agua esta noche.Water supply disruptions are expected tonight.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to wait momentarily)
a. to hold on (emphatic)
Espérate, ¿no se suponía que ibas a estar fuera un par de semanas?Hold on, weren't you supposed to be gone for a couple of weeks?
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