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"Exceso" is a noun which is often translated as "excess", and "sobra" is a noun which is also often translated as "excess". Learn more about the difference between "exceso" and "sobra" below.
exceso(
ehk
-
seh
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (overabundance)
a. excess
Sus comentarios no muestran un exceso de confianza sino arrogancia.His remarks reflect not an excess of confidence but of arrogance.
2. (overplus)
a. surplus
Vendimos el exceso de la producción a precio de coste.We sold the production surplus at cost price.
excesos
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
3. (abuse)
a. excesses
El ejército enemigo cometió numerosos excesos durante la ocupación.The enemy army perpetrated numerous excesses during the occupation.
b. overindulgences
A los banqueros sus excesos les costaron mucho y fueron arrestados por malversación.The bankers paid a high price for their overindulgences and were arrested for embezzlement.
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sobra(
soh
-
brah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (overabundance)
a. excess
En este país hay sobra de ideas que no conducen a nada.In this country there's an excess of ideas that go nowhere.
b. surplus
La sobra de maíz hizo que bajara el precio del cereal.The surplus of corn brought the price of cereal down.
sobras
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
2. (remains)
a. leftovers (of food)
Hice unas croquetas con las sobras del pollo.I made some croquettes with the chicken leftovers.
Hay sobras de la cena de ayer en el refrigerador por si te da hambre.There are leftovers from last night's dinner in the fridge in case you get hungry.
b. remnants (of cloth)
Aproveché las sobras de la tela para hacerle un vestido a la muñeca de mi hija.I used the remnants of the cloth to make a dress for my daughter's doll.
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