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Quick answer
"Decir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to say", and "hacer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to do". Learn more about the difference between "decir" and "hacer" below.
decir(
deh
-
seer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to speak)
a. to say
¿Qué dijiste? No te escuché.What did you say? I couldn't hear you.
b. to tell
¿Jura decir la verdad?Do you swear to tell the truth?
2. (to give an opinion)
a. to say
¿Qué dices de la nueva ley de transporte?What do you say about the new law on transportation?
b. to think
¿Y qué dices tú del asunto?What do you think about the whole issue?
c. to believe
¿Quién hubiera dicho que Juliana y Gustavo acabarían juntos?Who would have believed that Juliana and Gustavo would end up together?
3. (to be rumored)
a. to say
Dicen que va a nevar mañana.They say it's going to snow tomorrow.
4. (to transmit orders)
a. to tell
Dile a tu hermano que haga sus tareas.Tell your brother to do his homework.
b. to say
Mamá dijo que nos teníamos que acostar.Mom said we had to go to sleep.
5. (to narrate)
a. to recite
Ahora voy a decir un poema nuevo que escribí sobre el amor perdido.Now I will recite a poem I wrote about lost love.
6. (to signify)
a. to tell
El que no lo interese planear la boda me dice que Jorge no está listo para casarse.The fact that he's not interested in planning the wedding tells me Jorge's not ready to get married.
7. (to be indicated in text)
a. to say
La Biblia dice que uno debe amar al prójimo.The Bible says we should love our neighbor.
8. (religious)
a. to say (mass)
Después de decir la homilía, el sacerdote reparte la comunión.After the priest says the homily, he hands out Communion.
9. (to invite to speak)
a. to go ahead
¿Le puedo pedir un favor? - ¡Claro! Dime, ¿en qué lo puedo ayudar?Can I ask a favor of you? - Of course! Go ahead, how can I help you?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (used to answer the phone)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. hello (interjection)
¿Diga?Hello!
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (proverb)
a. saying
"De tal palo, tal astilla" es un decir popular."Like father, like son" is a popular saying.
12. (form of expression)
a. manner of speaking
¡No te enfades, mujer! Es solo un decir.Come on, don't get annoyed! It's just a manner of speaking.
decirse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
13. (to promise oneself)
a. to tell oneself
Me dije que no volvería a empezar a fumar.I told myself that I wouldn't start smoking again.
b. to say to oneself
Me dije a mí misma, esto no sienta bien.I said to myself, this doesn't feel right.
c. to think to oneself
Me sigo diciendo, ¿qué hubiera pasado si hubiera aceptado ese trabajo?I keep thinking to myself, what would have happened had I taken that job?
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
14. (to label)
a. to call
En Puerto Rico a la basura se le dice "zafacón".In Puerto Rico, the trash is called "zafacón."
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hacer(
ah
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to complete)
a. to do
Haz los deberes.Do your homework.
2. (to produce)
a. to make
Hice la comida de mis hijos.I made my children's lunch.
b. to prepare
Nos reuniremos este fin de semana para hacer la presentación.We will meet this weekend to prepare the presentation.
3. (to create)
a. to make
Hoy les enseñaré a hacer su propio sitio web.Today I'll show you how to make your own website.
4. (to carry out)
a. to make
Estoy ocupado haciendo los preparativos para la fiesta.I'm busy making preparations for the party.
5. (used in place of another verb)
a. to do
Me mandó que lavara los platos pero ya lo había hecho.He told me to wash the dishes but I had already done it.
6. (to acquire)
a. to make
Hizo una nueva amiga en el colegio.He made a new friend at school.
7. (to cause)
a. to make
La hizo llorar.He made her cry.
8. (to imagine)
a. to think
Hacía la casa sola.I thought there was nobody at home.
9. (to transform)
a. to make
El dolor hizo mi vida miserable.The pain made my life a misery.
10. (to obey)
a. to do
Haz lo que te digo.Do as I say.
11. (to cause to look)
a. to make look
Ese peinado te hace más vieja.That hairstyle makes you look older.
12. (to behave)
a. to act
¡No hagas el mono en el colegio!Don't act the fool at school!
13. (to gross)
a. to make
Se dice que el doctor hace hasta seis cifras.They say the doctor makes at least six figures.
b. to earn
Mi hermanito hizo una fortuna vendiendo limonada.My little brother earned a fortune selling lemonade.
14. (to take time)
a. to take
Les hizo dos semanas manejar a California.It took them two weeks to drive to California.
15. (to cover distance)
a. to do
Hicimos 150 millas en el último viaje.We did 150 miles on the last vacation.
b. to cover
Podemos hacer más distancia si salimos de noche.We can cover more distance if we leave at night.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
16. (time)
a. it has been
Hace mucho tiempo que no te veo.It has been a long time since I've seen you.
17. (weather)
a. to be
En invierno hace frío.It's cold in winter.
hacerse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
18. (to create for oneself)
a. to make for oneself
Se hizo un vestido de seda.She made herself a silk dress.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
19. (to feign)
a. to pretend
No te hagas el santo; tú también te equivocas.Don't pretend to be a saint; you make mistakes, too.
b. to act
No te hagas el tonto conmigo.Don't act the fool with me.
20. (to turn into)
a. to become
Su sueño era hacerse dentista.His dream was to become a dentist.
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