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Quick answer
"Caso" is a noun which is often translated as "case", and "tiempo" is a noun which is often translated as "time". Learn more about the difference between "caso" and "tiempo" below.
caso(
kah
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (circumstance)
a. case
¿Saben qué hacer en caso de un temblor?Do you know what to do in case of an earthquake?
b. fact
El caso es que si termina sus estudios tiene mayor posibilidad de conseguir empleo.The fact is that if he finishes his studies, he'll have a better chance of getting a job.
2. (legal)
a. case
La abogada ha estudiado el caso durante un mes y todavía no tiene una solución.The lawyer has studied the case for a month and she still doesn't have a solution.
3. (medicine)
a. case
Debemos extremar precauciones para prevenir otro caso del ébola.We must take every precaution to prevent another case of Ebola.
4. (linguistics)
a. case
El húngaro es una lengua aglutinante que cuenta con muchos casos.Hungarian is an agglutinative language with many cases.
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tiempo(
tyehm
-
poh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (duration)
a. time
Me tomó bastante tiempo resolver el problema.It took me quite a lot of time to solve the problem.
2. (climate)
a. weather
¿Qué tiempo hace en tu país?What's the weather like in your country?
3. (period)
a. moment
La comida estará lista en poco tiempo.The food will be ready in a moment.
4. (era)
a. day
En aquellos tiempos, se jugaba afuera el día entero.In those days, you'd play outdoors all day long.
5. (sports)
a. half
El jugador metió un gol en el segundo tiempo.The player scored a goal in the second half.
6. (music)
a. tempo
Se puede medir el tiempo de una canción.You can measure the tempo of a song.
7. (linguistics)
a. tense
El tiempo pasado indica que la acción se realizó en el pasado.The past tense indicates that an action is in the past.
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