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Quick answer
"Campo" is a noun which is often translated as "country", and "afueras" is a plural noun which is often translated as "outskirts". Learn more about the difference between "campo" and "afueras" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (rural area)
a. country
Pasó toda su infancia en el campo.She spent her whole childhood in the country.
b. countryside
Siempre pasan los fines de semana en el campo.They always spend weekends in the countryside.
2. (piece of land)
a. field
Desde aquí se alcanza a ver los campos de maíz de la granja de mi tío.From here, you can see the corn fields of my uncle's farm.
b. pasture (uncultivated)
Voy a llevar las cabras al campo para que puedan correr un poco.I'm going to take the goats to the pasture so they can run around a bit.
3. (sports)
a. field
Hay demasiados jugadores en el campo.There are too many players on the field.
b. pitch (United Kingdom)
Y con esa tarjeta roja, Sánchez debe abandonar el campo.And with that red card, Sánchez must leave the pitch.
c. course (golf)
El campo de golf cerca de mi casa es nuevo.The golf course by my house is new.
4. (temporary shelter)
a. camp
El campo del ejército estaba lleno de tiendas y tanques.The army camp was full of tents and tanks.
5. (area of study)
a. field
Ella tiene 20 años de experiencia en el campo médico.She has 20 years of experience in the medical field.
6. (space) (Andes)
Regionalism used in Chile
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. room
En ese vagón no hay campo. Tendremos que esperar el próximo tren.There's no room in that car. We'll have to wait for the next train.
7. (heraldry)
a. field
El escudo de armas de mi familia tiene un castillo negro en un campo rojo.My family's coat of arms has a black castle on a red field.
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A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
1. (outer edges)
a. outskirts
Muchas personas viven justo en las afueras de la ciudad.Many people live just on the outskirts of the city.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (not inside)
a. outside
Si vas afuera, verás unos alces en la distancia.If you go outside, you'll see some moose in the distance.
b. out
Quiero ir afuera. El tiempo hoy está buenísimo.I want to go out. The weather is great today.
c. outdoors
No me gusta dormir afuera. Siempre me pican los mosquitos.I don't like to sleep outdoors. I always get bitten by mosquitos.
3. (not in town)
a. out of town
Perdón, no te puedo ayudar con la mudanza. Ando afuera.Sorry, I can't help you with the move. I'm out of town.
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