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Quick answer
"Calor" is a noun which is often translated as "heat", and "frío" is an adjective which is often translated as "cold". Learn more about the difference between "calor" and "frío" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (high temperature)
a. heat
No es el calor, sino la humedad la que me afecta mucho.It's not the heat, but rather the humidity that really affects me.
b. warmth
No hay nada que me guste más que tirarme en la playa y disfrutar del calor del sol.There's nothing I like to do more than stretch out on the beach and enjoy the warmth of the sun.
2. (affection)
a. warmth
Nuestros amigos nos acogieron con tal calor que nos sentimos muy a gusto en su casa.Our friends welcomed us with such warmth that we felt very at home in their house.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
3. (menopause)
a. hot flashes
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Los calores son una de las cosas que sufren las mujeres en la menopausia.Hot flashes are one of the things that women go through during menopause.
b. hot flushes (United Kingdom)
Mi madre siempre tiene calores por la noche.My mother always has hot flushes at night.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (temperature, weather)
a. cold
Se acerca un frente frío.A cold front is approaching.
2. (not hot)
a. cold
Mesero, ¿me trae una cerveza fría, por favor?Waiter, can you bring me a cold beer, please?
3. (color)
a. cold
Los colores fríos de la casa contrastan con el clima cálido del Caribe.The cold colors of the house contrast with the warm Caribbean climate.
b. cool
El verde es un color frío.Green is a cool color.
4. (indifferent)
a. cold
Estuviste muy fría con tus suegros.You were very cold toward your in-laws.
b. cool
Su plan tuvo una fría acogida entre los senadores.His plan received a cool reception from the senators.
5. (calm)
a. cool
Trataba de mantener la mente fría.She was trying to keep a cool head.
b. cold
El asesino a sueldo era un hombre frío y calculador.The contract killer was a cold, calculating man.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (weather)
a. cold
A finales de agosto empiezo a desear que llegue el frío del invierno.By late August I start looking forward to the cold of winter.
7. (sensation)
a. cold
La puerta está abierta y está entrando el frío.The door is open, and the cold is getting in.
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