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Quick answer
"Ejercicio" is a noun which is often translated as "exercise", and "hacer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to do". Learn more about the difference between "ejercicio" and "hacer" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (physical activity)
a. exercise
Prefiero hacer ejercicio en la mañana para empezar bien el día.I prefer to do exercise in the morning to start my day off right.
2. (activity)
a. exercise
El siguiente ejercicio de grupo nos ayudará a practicar el trabajo en equipo.The next group exercise will help us practice teamwork.
3. (quiz)
a. test
Este ejercicio es para determinar el conjunto de habilidades de cada miembro del equipo.This test is to determine the skill sets of each team member.
b. exam
La maestra nos dio un ejercicio de álgebra el viernes.The teacher gave us an algebra exam on Friday.
4. (operation)
a. practice
El abogado era dueño de un bufete de abogados que ya no está en ejercicio.The attorney was the owner of a law firm that is no longer in practice.
5. (finance)
a. financial year
¿En qué fecha se acaba el ejercicio actual?On what date does the current financial year end?
b. fiscal year
Si su ejercicio no empieza el primero de enero, favor de ver las instrucciones en la página 12.If your fiscal year does not begin January first, please see the instructions on page 12.
6. (military)
a. exercise
La fuerza naval está llevando a cabo ejercicios en el Adriático.The navy is carrying out exercises in the Adriatic.
7. (use)
a. exercise
El ejercicio de la violencia es a menudo señal de la debilidad interna.The exercise of violence is often the mark of internal weakness.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to complete)
a. to do
Haz los deberes.Do your homework.
2. (to produce)
a. to make
Hice la comida de mis hijos.I made my children's lunch.
b. to prepare
Nos reuniremos este fin de semana para hacer la presentación.We will meet this weekend to prepare the presentation.
3. (to create)
a. to make
Hoy les enseñaré a hacer su propio sitio web.Today I'll show you how to make your own website.
4. (to carry out)
a. to make
Estoy ocupado haciendo los preparativos para la fiesta.I'm busy making preparations for the party.
5. (used in place of another verb)
a. to do
Me mandó que lavara los platos pero ya lo había hecho.He told me to wash the dishes but I had already done it.
6. (to acquire)
a. to make
Hizo una nueva amiga en el colegio.He made a new friend at school.
7. (to cause)
a. to make
La hizo llorar.He made her cry.
8. (to imagine)
a. to think
Hacía la casa sola.I thought there was nobody at home.
9. (to transform)
a. to make
El dolor hizo mi vida miserable.The pain made my life a misery.
10. (to obey)
a. to do
Haz lo que te digo.Do as I say.
11. (to cause to look)
a. to make look
Ese peinado te hace más vieja.That hairstyle makes you look older.
12. (to behave)
a. to act
¡No hagas el mono en el colegio!Don't act the fool at school!
13. (to gross)
a. to make
Se dice que el doctor hace hasta seis cifras.They say the doctor makes at least six figures.
b. to earn
Mi hermanito hizo una fortuna vendiendo limonada.My little brother earned a fortune selling lemonade.
14. (to take time)
a. to take
Les hizo dos semanas manejar a California.It took them two weeks to drive to California.
15. (to cover distance)
a. to do
Hicimos 150 millas en el último viaje.We did 150 miles on the last vacation.
b. to cover
Podemos hacer más distancia si salimos de noche.We can cover more distance if we leave at night.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
16. (time)
a. it has been
Hace mucho tiempo que no te veo.It has been a long time since I've seen you.
17. (weather)
a. to be
En invierno hace frío.It's cold in winter.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
18. (to create for oneself)
a. to make for oneself
Se hizo un vestido de seda.She made herself a silk dress.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
19. (to feign)
a. to pretend
No te hagas el santo; tú también te equivocas.Don't pretend to be a saint; you make mistakes, too.
b. to act
No te hagas el tonto conmigo.Don't act the fool with me.
20. (to turn into)
a. to become
Su sueño era hacerse dentista.His dream was to become a dentist.
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