Quick answer
"Duele" is a form of "doler", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to hurt". "Me gusta" is a phrase which is often translated as "I like it". Learn more about the difference between "duele" and "me gusta" below.
doler(
doh
-
lehr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to feel pain)
a. to hurt
Después del accidente, me duele al respirar.After the accident, it hurts when I breathe.
b. to ache
Me ha dolido la espalda la mañana entera.My back has been aching all morning long.
2. (to feel offended)
a. to hurt
Tu indiferencia me duele.Your indifference hurts me.
dolerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to feel remorse; often used with "de")
a. to regret
Se duele de sus acciones rencorosas.He regrets his spiteful actions.
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me gusta(
meh
 
goos
-
tah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (it's to my taste)
a. I like it
Este es el vestido que me compré ayer. - Me gusta, te queda muy bien.This is the dress I bought yesterday. - I like it. It really suits you.
b. I like
Me gusta esta ciudad. Es grande e íntima a la vez.I like this city. It's big yet intimate.
2. (I'm attracted to him or her)
a. I like him
¿Por qué lo miras así? - Es que me gusta.Why are you looking at him like that? - Because I like him.
b. I like her
Me gusta, es guapa, inteligente y simpática.I like her. She's beautiful, clever, and nice.
c. I like
Me gusta tu hermano, pero no se lo digas, por favor.I like your brother, but don't tell him, please.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(I'm attracted to you; singular)
a. I like you
Usted sabe que me gusta, ¿verdad? Hace tiempo que no me sentía tan atraído por nadie.You know I like you, don't you? It's been al long time since I felt so attracted to anyone.
4. (I enjoy)
a. I like
Me gusta mucho pasear por la playa en invierno.I very much like to go for a walk on the beach in winter.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (computing, telecommunications)
a. like
La foto que colgué en Instagram tiene ya 245 me gusta.The photo I posted on Instagram now has 245 likes.
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