Quick answer
"Duchar" is a form of "duchar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to give someone a shower". "Bañar" is a form of "bañar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to bathe". Learn more about the difference between "duchar" and "bañar" below.
duchar(
doo
-
chahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to bathe)
a. to give someone a shower
Es hora de duchar a los niños.It's time to give the kids a shower.
2. (to wet thoroughly)
a. to drench
Ese idiota me duchó con su cerveza.That idiot drenched me with his beer.
ducharse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
3. (to shower oneself)
a. to take a shower
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Yo me ducho todas las mañanas.I take a shower every morning.
b. to have a shower (United Kingdom)
Me voy a duchar después de regresar del gimnasio.I'll have a shower when I get back from the gym.
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bañar(
bah
-
nyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wash)
a. to bathe
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
La enfermera bañó al paciente.The nurse bathed the patient.
b. to bath (United Kingdom)
Baña a los niños antes de que se acuesten.Bath the kids before they go to bed.
c. to give a bath
¿Con qué frecuencia hay que bañar al gato?How often should you give the cat a bath?
2. (to coat)
a. to cover
El chef bañó la pasta con una deliciosa salsa marinara.The chef covered the pasta with a delicious marinara sauce.
b. to plate (jewelry)
La joyera bañó la pulsera en oro.The jeweler plated the necklace in gold.
c. to bathe (light)
Las ventanas gigantes del piso sirven para bañar los cuartos de luz natural.The giant windows of this apartment help to bathe the rooms in natural light.
3. (geography)
a. to flow through
El río Potomac baña Washington, D.C.The Potomac River flows through Washington, D.C.
b. to wash
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
El Pacífico baña toda la costa peruana.The Pacific washes the entire Peruvian coast.
bañarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to wash oneself in a bath)
a. to take a bath
Después de un día tan largo, solo quiero bañarme y relajarme.After such a long day, I just want to take a bath and relax.
b. to have a bath
Deberías bañarte antes de acostarte.You should have a bath before going to bed.
c. to bathe
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
La semana que fuimos de acampada no me bañé ni una vez.The week we went camping I didn't even bathe once.
5. (to wash oneself in a shower)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to take a shower
Todavía falta bañarme antes de irme en la cita.I still need to take a shower before going on my date.
b. to have a shower
Después de correr el maratón, me muero por bañarme.After running the marathon, I'm dying to have a shower.
c. to shower
Huele como si no se hubiera bañado en siglos.He smells like he hasn't showered in ages.
6. (to swim)
a. to go for a swim
¡Hace tanto calor! ¿Nos bañamos en el lago?It's so hot! Shall we go for a swim in the lake?
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