Quick answer
"Dormir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to sleep", and "repetir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to do again". Learn more about the difference between "dormir" and "repetir" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rest)
a. to sleep
Hay que dormir por lo menos seis horas cada noche.One should sleep at least six hours a night.
2. (to pass the night)
a. to spend the night
Dormí en casa de mi abuela.I spent the night at my grandmother's house.
b. to stay the night
Dormimos en casa de mis suegros el Día de Acción de Gracias.We stayed the night at my in-laws' on Thanksgiving.
3. (to have sex; used with "juntos")
a. to sleep together
Creo que Marco y Ana durmieron juntos anoche.I think Marco and Ana slept together last night.
4. (to be forgotten)
a. to lie idle
Sus ahorros no han crecido porque ha dejado la cuenta dormir.His savings haven't grown because he let the account lie idle.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to make sleepy)
a. to put to sleep
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Duermo a mis niños con un cuento.I put my children to sleep with a story.
b. to get off to sleep
Voy a dormir los niños y luego regreso.I'm going to get the children off to sleep and then I'll be back.
c. to send to sleep (due to boredom)
Ese profesor duerme a sus estudiantes con su voz monótona.That teacher sends his students to sleep with his monotonous voice.
6. (to anesthetize)
a. to put to sleep
Durmieron a mi perro para limpiarle los dientes.They put my dog to sleep in order to clean his teeth.
b. to put under
Lo durmió el cirujano antes de la operación.The surgeon put him under before the operation.
7. (to euthanize; used with "a")
a. to put to sleep
Mi hermano tuvo que dormir a su perro porque tenía cáncer.My brother had to put his dog to sleep because it had cancer.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
8. (to get to sleep)
a. to fall asleep
Me dormí a las 6 de la mañana.I fell asleep at 6 in the morning.
El programa era tan aburrido que me dormí.The program was so boring that I fell asleep.
b. to go to sleep
No pude dormirme anoche porque estaba preocupado por el examen de hoy.I couldn't go to sleep last night because I was worried about today's exam.
9. (to wake up late)
a. to oversleep
Se durmió porque no oyó el despertador.She overslept because she didn't hear the alarm.
10. (to go numb)
a. to go to sleep
No puedo ponerme en pie porque se me durmió la pierna.I can't stand up because my leg has gone to sleep.
11. (to get distracted)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No te duermas o no acabarás a tiempo.Don't slack off or you won't finish in time.
Por dormirse se perdió la clave para ganar el premio.He missed the clue to win the prize because he didn't stay on his toes.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to redo)
a. to do again
El perro se comió mis deberes y ahora tengo que repetirlos.The dog ate my homework and now I have to do it again.
2. (to say again)
a. to repeat
Solo lo diré una vez así que no me pidan que lo repita.I'll only say it once so don't ask me to repeat myself.
3. (to imitate)
a. to repeat
Mi hijo pequeño repite todo lo que su hermano dice.My younger son repeats everything his brother says.
4. (to retake)
a. to repeat
Si tu asistencia no mejora, tendrás que repetir el año.If your attendance does not improve, you will need to repeat the year.
5. (to serve oneself more)
a. to have a second helping of
¿Vas a repetir carne?Will you have a second helping of meat?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to affect)
a. to have an aftertaste
Los pepinos no repiten si los pelas antes de comerlos.Cucumbers don't have an aftertaste if you remove the skin before eating them.
b. to repeat on (United Kingdom)
No puedo comer ajo porque me repite.I can't eat garlic because it repeats on me.
7. (of the body)
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. to burp
Su marido siempre repite durante nuestra cena familiar. ¡Qué asco!Her husband always burps during our family dinner. How disgusting!
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to occur again)
a. to recur
Esas fases se repiten cada cinco años por término medio.These phases recur every five years on average.
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